Countries

Croatia

Croatia is a lively place with plenty of reasons for visitors to travel there and lots to do once they arrive. Whether you are in the mood for exploring the beaches and rocky islets along Croatia’s Adriatic coast or you are in the mood for attending one of its acclaimed music festivals, there is something for everyone.

In fact, there is so much going on, you might find it difficult to get away from it all in order to relax.

Trogir, Croatia - Photograph by Sergii Gulenok on Unsplash
Trogir, Croatia – Photograph by Sergii Gulenok on Unsplash
Best time to visit Croatia:Between April and June or September and October

The history of Croatia is long with evidence of inhabitation in the area dating back to the stone age. The Croats settled the area in the 6th century and by the year 879, it had been recognised internationally as an independent state with its first king, Tomislav reigning from 925.

It has seen a number of changes since those times including a union with Hungary in 1102, election of Ferdinand I of Austria to the throne in 1527 as a way of fending off the Ottoman Empire and the formation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia following the First World War.

During the Second World War and the invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941 by the Axis powers the Independent State of Croatia was formed but a resistance movement eventually saw the creation of the Federal State of Croatia which was the founding member of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

However, on 25 June 1991, Croatia declared independence and this was fully achieved following the four years long Croatian War of Independence.

Croatia is now once again a sovereign state and is a member of the European Union. It has borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Its capital is Zagreb.

Tourism is one of Croatia most important industries and the country is ranked in the top twenty of most visited countries in the world.

Most of the country is relatively warm during the summer months although the best weather is to be found on the coast which benefits from a Mediterranean climate. Snow can be found in the forested mountains during winter.

Things to See in Croatia:

  • Dubrovnik – a limestone walled city on the Adriatic coast
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park – lakes, waterfalls and walkways
  • Diocletian’s Palace in Split – cafes, shops and plazas in this Roman complex
  • Zagreb – galleries, churches and museums – and nightlife
  • Cres Island – untouched forests and hidden coves.
Dubrovnik, Croatia - Photograph by Ivan Ivankovic on Unsplash
Dubrovnik, Croatia – Photograph by Ivan Ivankovic on Unsplash

Things to Do in Croatia:

  • Sailing along the Adriatic coast or take a ferry
  • Hunting truffles and sample the finest olive oil and other foods in Istria
  • Skinny dipping in the sea on the islands off Hvar
  • People watching during the corso, the early-evening promenade.
The Crystal Clear Water of the Hvar Islands – Wikimedia Commons

Quick Facts About Croatia:

Capital:Zagreb
Population:4.4 million
Area:56,594 sq Km
Official Language:Croatian
Currency:Croatian kuna
Food:ćevapčići (skinless sausages)
pašticada (beef stewed in wine and spices)
paški sir (sheep’s cheese from Pag Island)
Drink:Ožujsko (Croatian beer)
Karlovačko (Croatian beer)
Wine from Kvarner and Baranja
Flag of Croatia
Flag of Croatia
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